Introduction: The balance improvement and reconstruction of walking function is one of the main post-stroke rehabilitation aims. The aim of the thesis is to define to what extent factors such as stroke, hemiplegia side, age, sex and modifiable risk factors can influence the rehabilitation process.
Material and methods: There were patients tested who registered at the rehabilitation unit with partial hemiplegia after the first stroke. The patients were qualified within one month since the stroke, without chronic illnesses apart from risk factors of stroke, participating in 4-week programme of facilitation. There were 50 patients qualified to the test (24 men and 26 women). The average age of the tested was 63 years. The balance and patients walk was evaluated with the use of Tinetti test.
Results: The rehabilitation effects are much better in a group of people with the hemorrhagic stroke (p=0,0057) and with the right hemiplegia (p=0,0094). The change of walk evaluation is correlated mostly with the number of risk factors (R= -0,72), on average thenumber of risk factors influenced the change within the balance range (R= -0,56). Age, moderately influences the rehabilitation effects, within the walking function (R = -0,52).
Conclusions: Young people achieve better results of rehabilitation, with the right hemiplegia and after hemorrhagic stroke. Sex does not influence the achieved results of facilitation. The bigger number of accompanied risk factors determines the worse effects of rehabilitation.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.