Introduction: Gonarthrosis is the most common disease of peripheral joints. Among population of developing countries, it concerns about 70% of people over 65 year of age. Because its chronic, progressive and irreversible nature it is one of the most common cause of work incapacity. It is also a common cause of disability in people in six decade of life.
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of cryogymnastic on quality of life and functional efficiency of patients with knee osteoarthritis.
Material and methods: The study consisted of group of 50 people diagnosed with osteoarthritis of the knee (gonarthrosis). Patients were tested twice. First examination was conducted before the start of therapy, a second examination was conducted after 10 treatments cryotherapy. To evaluate the results of cryogymnastic we used goniometric measurement, WOMAC questionnaire and functional test Up & Go.
Results: We found that applied local cryotherapy and exercise in studied group had been effective in increasing joint range of motion, improving quality of life and patients’ functional efficiency.
1. Our treatment for patients with knee arthritis after local cryotherapy and exercises improved significantly joint range of motion, quality of life and functional efficiency.
2. Local cryotherapy is a safe procedure and well tolerated by patients with knee osteoarthritis.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.