Both gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) and liposarcoma originate from mesenchymal tissue. Their coincidence requires a specific expertise in the diagnostic and therapeutic management.
An unusual exemplary case is described representing a 47-year old female patient with a gastric GIST and a monstrous retroperitoneal liposarcoma with infiltration of the left kidney. The gastric tumor lesion was removed with a tangential resection of the gastric wall; the retroperitoneal tumor lesion was resected including the left kidney. Both tumors were resected with no macroscopic tumor residual. The technically difficult surgical intervention did not show any postoperative complication, and the postoperative course was also uneventful. The complete tumor resection is the treatment of choice in mesenchymal tumors (aim: R0). Depending on histologic tumor classification, resection status and tumor sensitivity, a subsequent radiation and/or chemotherapy is necessary, which allowed to achieve a postoperative tumor-free survival of 6 years including a good quality of life.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.