Presacral tumors are rare with few published studies in the literature. It is unknown whether the course of the disease and the required treatment differs between pediatric and adult patients.
<bold>The aim of the study </bold>was to compare presenting symptoms, surgical treatment, pathology, and recurrence rates of presacral tumors in these two groups.
<bold>Material and methods. </bold>An IRB-approved chart review was conducted for patients diagnosed with a presacral tumor at the Cleveland Clinic between 1981 and 2011. Symptoms, physical exam, surgical details, tumor histology, and outcomes were collected as part of the review. Patients were divided into two groups: pediatric (< 18 years n=14) and adult (> 18 years n=50).
<bold>Results. </bold>The most common symptom was a mass in pediatric and pain in adult patients. The most common pediatric primary tumor was a teratoma (n=5, 36%) versus Hamartoma/tailgut cyst (n=17, 34%) in adult patients. Three pediatric and nine adult patients developed tumor recurrences, and 2/14 (14%) pediatric and 4/50 (8%) adult patients developed metastases.
<bold>Conclusions. </bold>This study summarizes the presentation, evaluation and management of pediatric and adult presacral tumors at tertiary referral center. The presentation, histology, and management of presacral tumors vary depending upon whether they occur in pediatric or adult patients and recognition of potential differences may influence management.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.