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Pancreatic cancer (PC) is the fourth leading cause of death in the world, due to neoplastic disease. Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a progressive disease leading towards pancreatic fibrosis.
The aim of the study was to assess the impact of matrix metalloproteinases 2 and 9 (MMP2 and 9) and their tissue inhibitor (TIMP 1 and 2) concentrations in case of PC and CP tissue homogenates on early treatment results of patients subject to pancreatic resections.
Material and methods. The study group comprised 63 patients, including 25 (39.68%) female and 38 (60.32%) male patients. Group 1 (CP) consisted of 31 patients with CP (F: M = 10/21). Group 2 (PC) consisted of 32 patients with PC (F: M = 15:17). The pancreatic tumor samples were collected from the resected pancreas, being subject to electrophoresis and immunoenzymatic studies. After confirming their activity, MMP2, MMP9, TIMP1, TIMP2 concentrations were determined. Correlation analysis of MMPs and TIMPs concentrations was performed in relation to the following: tumor diameter, age, BMI, hospitalization, duration of symptoms and surgery, blood loss, incidence of perioperative complications.
Results. Group differences were presented in terms of: age, BMI, ASA, duration of symptoms, jaundice, tumor diameter, time of operation. There were no differences considering weight loss, blood loss, extent of resection, and hospitalization. Significant MMPs and TIMPs concentration differences between groups were demonstrated.
Conclusions. Comparison of PC to CP tissue samples showed significantly higher levels of metalloproteinases and TIMPs in the former. Positive correlations of MMP1, TIMP1 and 2 with tumor diameter (CP) were observed, and MMP2 with the duration of surgery and blood loss (PC). There was no MMPs and TIMPs concentration levels influence on the incidence of postoperative complications.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.