Increasing number of surgical subspecialities causes general surgeons have little experience with more complex procedures as total thyroidectomy.
The aim of the study was to present the outcome of total thyroidectomy following its implementation in a district hospital where such procedure has not been performed previously.
Material and methods. 293 patients were operated on for goiter between 01.10.2008 and 30.09.2011 in the District Hospital in Proszowice by one contracted endocrine surgeon. Hemithyroidectomy was performed in 75 (23.7%) patients and total thyroidectomy in 191 (76.3%) patients for multinodular goiter and only the latter group was subjected for further analysis.
Results. There were no bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy. A unilateral transient recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy occured in 6 patients (3.1%; 1.5% per risk) and postoperative hypocalcemia in 29 (15.7%) patients. 2 (1%) patients required wound revision due to a postoperative bleeding. Postoperative pathology revealed in 12 (6.2%) patients differentiated thyroid cancer.
Conclusions. 1. Total thyroidectomy in a district hospital is still a safe way to operate on thyroid for nonmalignant disorders with low number of complications. 2. Total thyroidectomy is a definite surgical treatment in patients diagnosed by postoperative pathology with differentiated thyroid cancer.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.