Primary spontaneous pneumothorax could be a serious therapeutic problem in case of recurrence. Lack of therapeutic standards sometimes leads to delay in definitive surgical treatment and could cause respiratory complications.
The aim of the study<bold />was the evaluation of treatment results in patients with recurrence of primary spontaneous pneumothorax and looking for optimal therapeutic method after first recurrence (surgical treatment vs. pleural drainage).
Material and methods.<bold />Between 01.01.2009 and 31.07.2010 fifty four patients with recurrent primary spontaneous pneumothorax was hospitalized in Wrocław Thoracic Surgery Centre (24.3% of all patients with pneumothorax). The recurrence was treated surgically in 24 cases, in 30 pleural drainage was performed: simple drainage (n=14) or drainage with chemical pleurodesis (n=16). Mean age of patients treated without surgery was higher than surgically treated (p=0,012).
Results.<bold />In surgery group no recurrence was found, in drainage group 11 recurrences occurred (p=0.0009). In group of 11 patients with second recurrence, pleurodesis was performed four times (36%) vs. 12 times (63%) in 19 patients without a recurrence of the disease. 70% of non-surgically treated patients vs. 50% of surgically treated were afraid of recurrence (p=0.01). Among 11 patients in drainage group, nine underwent surgery at the second episode of recurrence.
Conclusions.<bold />The optimal treatment method in case of first recurrence of primary spontaneous pneumothorax is surgical treatment. When it is not possible chemical pleurodesis should be performed during pleural drainage. Most of the patients after second recurrence are treated surgically anyway. The surgical treatment significantly reduces patient’s fears for future recurrence of the disease. Younger patients are most often surgically treated.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.