The present study examines the impacts of dry mass content in pig liquid manure on its treatment with a filtration method. Samples of liquid manure with variable dry mass content were subjected to treatment using phosphoric acid, sulfuric acid, lime milk and superphosphate, as well as to thermal treatment, while in the last phase of pressure filtration. Increased dilution of the manure resulted in a reduced raw materials consumption ratio and improved filtration process efficiency, which ranged from 408 to 3765 kg/m2/h. The highest filtration efficiency was achieved using manure containing 3% dry mass, while the lowest efficiency was observed in manure at 10% dry mass. The increase in liquid manure dilution also reduced chemical oxygen demand in the filtrate, which ranged from 15 062 to 3656 mg/l. An appropriate manure dilution level, under the constant parameters of the treatment process, reduced phosphorus content in the filtrate to < 10 mg/kg while simultaneously enriching the post-filtration sediment with this precious fertilizing component.
2. Pawełczyk, A. & Muraviev, D. (2003). The integrated treatment for purification of liquid pig wastes. Przem. Chem. 82 (8-9), 861-863, (in Polish).
3. Kowalski, Z., Makara, A., Hoffmann, J. & Hoffmann, K. (2012). Research report from realization of grant No 14-0003-10/2010. Obtaining of NPK type fertilizers from the pig manure using cleaner production methods. Cracow University of Technology, Cracow, (not published), (in Polish).
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