The paper presents the results of the synthesis of 2,6-dimetyhlphenol (26DMP) from o-cresol. The target compound is an important substrate for polymer chemistry. Due to a large amount of o-cresol which is generated as a by-product, during the synthesis of 2,6-dimethylphenol from phenol, the methylation of o-cresol to 2,6-dimethylphenol should be examined as a separate process. The alkylation of o-cresol was carried out in a fluidized bed of commercial iron-chromium catalyst TZC-3/1. Undesirable decomposition of methyl alcohol on the catalyst generates a number of environmentally dangerous by-products such as methane, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide. The effect of temperature on the yield of the synthesis was investigated. The synthesis process was monitored on-line in the temperature range 310-380°C, completely covering the maximum efficiency of the process. Online analysis of the process by FTIR spectroscopy gave information about products of both methylation of o-cresol and pyrolysis of methanol. The maximum 85% yield of desired 2,6-dimethylphenol with more than 85% conversion of o-cresol was achieved at 340°C, at 1:6 molar ratio of o-cresol:methanol
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.