Resistance training (RT) can provide several benefits for individuals with Type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of resistance training on the strength levels and uric acid (UA) concentration in individuals with Type 2 diabetes. The study included 68 patients (57.7±9.0 years) that participated in an organized program of RT for 12 weeks. The volunteers were divided into two groups: an experimental group (EG; n=34) that performed the resistance training program consisting of seven exercises executed in an alternating order based on segments; and a control group (CG; n=34) that maintained their normal daily life activities. Muscle strength and uric acid were measured both pre- and post-experiment. The results showed a significant increase in strength of the subjects in the EG for all exercises included in the study (p<0.001). Comparing the strength levels of the post-test, intergroup differences were found in supine sitting (p<0.001), leg extension (p<0.001), shoulder press (p<0.001), leg curl (p=0.001), seated row (p<0.001), leg press (p=0.001) and high pulley (p<0.001). The measured uric acid was significantly increased in both experimental and control groups (p<0.001 and p=0.001, respectively). The intergroup comparison showed a significant increase for the EG (p=0.024). We conclude that the training program was effective for strength gains despite an increase in uric acid in Type 2 diabetics.
University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD); Doctoral Program in Sport Science – PORTUGAL
State University of Pará (UEPA), Belém, Pará – BRAZIL
Institution: State University of Pará. Physical Education - Graduate Program. Belém - Pará Address: Alameda Abraham Athias, n. 14 – Bairro do Marco Zip Code: 66093-570 – Town: Belém – Pará / Country: Brazil Phone: (55+91) 91456278
ACSM. American College Sports Medicine. ACSM guidelines for stress testing and prescription (8 ed.). Rio de janeiro: Guanabara Koogan; 2010a
ACSM. Exercise and Type 2 diabetes: American College of Sports Medicine and the American Diabetes Association: joint position statement. Exercise and Type 2 diabetes. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2010b; 42: 2282-2303
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