The Cerebral Vascular Accident is responsible for a significant increase in the mortality rate in individuals who have suffered this condition, regardless of the level of subsequent disability. This study aimed to analyze the influence of a strength training program on indicators of depression in survivors of the ischemic stroke. The study sample included subjects from both genders who were divided into two groups: an experimental group (EG) consisting of 11 subjects aged 51.7 <alternatives> [...] </alternatives> 8.0 years, and a control group (CG) consisting of 13 subjects aged 52.5 <alternatives> [...] </alternatives> 7.7 years. The EG underwent 12 weeks of strength training. Assessment was made in the pre-test before training and at the re-test after 12 weeks of training. We used the Beck Depression Inventory and evaluated 1RM. Significant differences in depression were found between post-test and pretest measurements (Δ% = -21.47%, p = 0,021) in the EG; furthermore, there were significant differences in all indicators of depression between the EG and CG after completing 12 weeks of training. There were significant gains in strength of the EG in relation to the CG. There was a negative correlation between the strength gains as determined with the 1RM test and the levels of depression, especially in lower-limb exercises. The results of this study suggest that improvements in strength are negatively correlated with levels of depression. Improvements in strength are therefore associated with a reduction in levels of depression.
Department of Sports Science, Exercise and Health of the Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro University, Vila Real, Portugal
Fire Brigade of Minas Gerais, 5th Battalion Fire Military Fire Brigade of the State of Minas Gerais, New Horizons Program, Uberlandia, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Department of Research in Sport, Health and Human Development - CIDESD, Vila Real, Portugal
5th Battalion of the Military Fire Brigade Fire Brigade of the State of Minas Gerais, New Horizons Program, Uberlandia, Minas Gerais, Brazil Av. Rondon Pacheco 5715 Uberlândia - Minas Gerais – Brasil Postal Code: 38.406-090 Phone: (+55) 34 - 3218-7100 / (+55) 31 – 9824 – 7309
Aidar FJ, de Oliveira RJ, Silva AJ, de Matos DG, Carneiro AL, Garrido N, Hickner R, Reis VM. The influence of the level of physical activity and human development in the quality of life in survivors of stroke. Health Quality of life outcomes, 2011; 3(9): 89
Aidar FJ, de Oliveira RJ, Silva AJ, de Matos DG, Mazini Filho ML, Hickner RC, Machado Reis V. The influence of resistance exercise training on the levels of anxiety in ischemic stroke. Stroke Res Treatment, 2012; 5: 3
Aidar FJ, Silva AJ, Reis VM, Carneiro A, Carneiro-Cotta S. Quality of life in ischemic stroke and its relationship com physical activity. Rev Neurol, 2007; 45(9): 518-522
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