The article discusses issues related to the impact of incineration on human health and the environment. The aim of the work is to make a broad overview of the existing literature in this area. The problem was described in the literature based on a number of waste incineration plants studies in both Europe and all around the world. Subjects analyzed in the literature were risks at workplace, both administrative ones and directly related to the process of thermal treatment of waste. These risks result among others from the atmospheric emissions of many pollutants, including most of all polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans, heavy metals and some volatile organic compounds. The results of these studies will be an important argument in the discussion on the possible risks to humans and the environment posed by waste incineration plants and the expediency of building waste incinerators in Poland.
 Dyrektywa Parlamentu Europejskiego i Rady 2008/98/WE z dnia 19 listopada 2008 r. w sprawie odpadów oraz uchylająca niektóre dyrektywy. Dziennik Urzędowy Unii Europejskiej L 312/4.
 MRC Institute for Environment and Health. Health effects of waste combustion products, 1997.
 UK Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency - Komisja ds. Rakotwórczości 2000 - „Występowania raka w pobliżu komunalnych spalarni odpadów stałych w Wielkiej Brytanii” - protokół COC/00/S1 - marzec 2000.
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