The focus of this review paper is on the design and implementation of smart ‘Sense-and-Treat’ systems using enzyme-biocatalytic systems. These systems were used to perform biomolecular computing and they were functionally integrated with signal responsive materials aiming towards their biomedical use. Electrode interfaces, functionalized with signal-responsive materials, find applications in biocomputing, biosensing, and, specifically, triggered release of bioactive substances. ‘Sense-and-Treat’ systems require multiple components working together, including biosensors, actuators, and filters, in order to achieve closed-loop and autonomous operation. In general, biochemical logic networks were developed to process single biochemical or chemical inputs as well as multiple inputs, responding to nonphysiological (for concept demonstration purposes) and physiological signals (for injury detection or diagnosis). Actuation of drug-mimicking release was performed using the responsive material iron-cross-linked alginate with entrapped biomolecular species, responding to physical, chemical or biochemical signals.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.