Introduction: Health is highly valued by individuals as well as whole social groups. Lifestyle, and related with this health behaviors are believed to be the main factors that largely determine its condition. Poland is a country, where the number of malignant cancer morbidity is systematically increasing. Breast cancer is the most common among women aged 45 years old. Despite the relative stability of the mortality outcomes the rate of it is still high. This situation is influenced by many factors, including the limited awareness of the value of health-related behaviors.
Material and methods: The study included 70 women aged 45-75 years old. The study and control group consisted of: 36 women with breast cancer and 34 women without cancer in history. The specifically developed questionnaire and the Positive Health Behaviors Scale for Women developed by Hildt-Ciupińska were used in this study. IBM SPSS v. 21.0 was used for statistical analysis and non-parametric U-Mann Whitney test.
Results: The study let determine the level of women's health behaviors. The analysis of the results showed that there are much anomalies in health-related behaviors in both studied groups. The lowest point scale values were reported in the "Physical activity" subscale. The highest values were reported in the "Safety behaviors" and "Caring body" subscale. The disappointing results in statements related with the prevention of cancer were the most alarmous.
Conclusions: The introduction of health prevention awareness programs in the group of women over 45 years of age, may contribute to an increase in the frequency of health-promoting behaviors.
Andruszkiewicz A, Banaszkiewicz M. Promocja Zdrowia. Teoretyczne podstawy promocji zdrowia. Lublin: Wydawnictwo Czelej; 2008.
Walik. M, Zarzycka D, Iłżecka J, Jarosz M. Wartość zdrowia jako czynnik motywacyjny do działań prozdrowotnych. Zdrowie Publiczne 2009; 1: 33-39.
Gaweł- Luty E. Miejsce aktywności fizycznej w kulturze czasu wolnego. Aspekt społeczno- pedagogiczny. In: Nowocień J, Zuchora K, editor. Sport w kulturze zdrowia, czasu wolnego i edukacji olimpijskiej. Warszawa: 2013; 48- 59.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.