An intact hepatic artery is the gateway to successful hepato-biliary surgery. Introduction of laproscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has stimulated a renewed interest in the anatomy of hepatic artery. In this case report we have highlighted importance of variations of right hepatic artery in terms of origin and course We present a rare asymptomatic case of liver atrophy due to an intraoperative lesion of right hepatic artery. We also performed a literature review about surgical vascular lesions and tried to confirm the right concept behind “non trivial procedure” of the LC.
 Covey AM, Brody LA, Maluccio MA, Getrajdman GI, Brown KT. Variant hepatic arterial anatomy revisited: digital subtraction angiography performed in 600 patients. Radiology 2002; 224:542-7.
 Prodosito D, Loinaz Segurola C, Garcìa Garcìa I, Jimènez C, Gonzales Pinto I, Gomez Sanz R et al. Role of anatomic variations and methods of hepatic artery reconstruction in the incidence of thrombosis following liver transplantation. Ann Ital Chir 2001;72(3):303-14; discussion 314-5. Article in Italian.
 Hlaing KP, Othman F. Complex pattern of a variant hepatic artery. Singapore Med J 2012;53:e186-8.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.