This review classifies and analyzes over thirty heterooligonuclear platinum clusters with a wide variety of metal frameworks, from twelve to forty-four. There are thirteen heterometals (Ge, Sn, Hg, W, Mo, Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Ni, Cu, Ag, Au) which are the partners of platinum. The clusters mostly crystallize in monoclinic (36,4%) and triclinic (30,3%) crystal classes. Their structures are complex, with platinum most commonly preferring interstitial sites, such as the centroids of icosahedrons. There are examples of distortion isomerism. The most common ligands are CO and PPh3, and it is interesting that the mean Pt-CO and M-CO bond distances are identical at 1.84 Å. In contrast, the mean Pt-μCO and M-μCO are of values of 2.02 and 1.97 Å, respectively, while the Pt-PPh3 and M-PPh3 bond distances are 2.30 and 2.28 Å, respectively. The shortest Pt-Pt, Pt-M (non-transition) and Pt-M (transition) bond distances are 2.559(2) Å, 2.412(2) Å (M = Ge) and 2.510(2) Å (M = Ni).
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.