Ion release of Mg- and Zn-substituted Bioglass 45S5 (46.1 SiO2-2.6 P2O5-26.9 CaO-24.3Na2O; mol%; with 0, 25, 50, 75 or 100% of calcium replaced bymagnesium/zinc) was investigated at pH 7.4 (Tris buffer) and pH 4 (acetic acid/sodium acetate buffer) in static and dynamic dissolution experiments. Despite Mg2+ and Zn2+ having the same charge and comparable ionic radii, they influenced the dissolution behaviour in very different ways. In Tris, Mgsubstituted glasses showed similar ion release as 45S5, while Zn-substituted glasses showed negligible ion release. At low pH, however, release behaviour was similar, with all glasses releasing large percentages of ions within a few minutes. Precipitation of crystalline phases also varied, as Mg- and Zn-substitution inhibited apatite formation, and Zn-substitution resulted in formation of zinc phosphate phases at low pH. These results are relevant for glasses used in aluminium-free glass ionomer bone cements, as they show that Zn/Mg-substituted glasses release ions similarly fast as glasses containing no Zn/Mg, suggesting that these ions are no prerequisite for ionomer glasses. Zn-substituted glasses may potentially be used as controlled-release materials, which release antibacterial zinc ions when needed only, i.e. at low pH conditions (e.g. bacterial infection), but not at normal physiological pH conditions.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.