To determine the effect of changing electrode positions on vital signs and respiratory effort parameters measured with transcutaneous electromyography of the diaphragm (dEMG) in preterm infants.
In this observational study, simultaneous dEMG measurements were performed at the standard position and at one alternative electrode position (randomly assigned to lateral, superior, medial,...
Humidifying noninvasively ventilated preterm infants is critical to prevent dehydration of respiratory mucosa, but over‐humidification can result in impaired airway patency and lung mechanics. This neonatal bench study investigated the humidity delivered using invasive and noninvasive humidification modes during nasal continuous positive airway pressure.
The study was conducted at the...
The existing screening modalities for pulmonary embolism (PE), such as D‐dimer and clinical prediction rules, have low positive predictive values. With its capability to indicate pulmonary vascular abnormalities, the ratio of the transfer factor of the lungs for nitric oxide and the transfer factor of the lungs for carbon monoxide (TL,NO/TL,CO) might be an additional discriminating parameter...
Purpose To assess the regional respiratory time constants of lung volume changes during stepwise lung recruitment before and after surfactant treatment in high-frequency oscillatory ventilated preterm infants. Methods A stepwise oxygenation-guided recruitment procedure was performed before and after surfactant treatment in high-frequency oscillatory ventilated preterm infants. Electrical impedance...
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