This study aimed to compare Th17‐related cytokines named IL‐1β, IL‐4, IL‐6, IL‐10, IL‐17A, IL‐17F, IL‐21, IL‐22, IL‐23, IL‐25, IL‐31, IL‐33, IFN‐γ, sCD40L and TNF‐α in peri‐implant fluid (PIF) from mucositis sites in patients having either peri‐implantitis, periodontitis or without interproximal alveolar bone loss.
Material and methods
Thirty‐three patients diagnosed with peri‐implant...
ObjectiveThis study aimed to measure the levels of GM‐CSF, IL‐1β, IL‐2, IL‐4, IL‐5, IL‐6, IL‐7, IL‐8, IL‐10, IL‐12, IFN‐γ and TNF‐α in peri‐implant crevicular fluid (PICF) and saliva from patients with peri‐implant disease.
MethodsTwenty two total edentulous patients were divided into two groups: Mucositis (MU) patients with bone loss around the implants until the first thread and pocket depth ≤3 mm,...
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.