This paper presents a New Coastal Liner Route Design Model (NCLRDM) for coastal intermodal networks based on the user equilibrium assignment model (UE model). The NCLRDM can determine ports of call, call sequence, ship type and service frequency simultaneously with the objective of minimizing state subsidies for coastal shipping operators under a given carbon emission reduction target for the entire...
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.