The effects of pH, cations (Na+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+ and Al3+), and anions (Cl−, HCO3−, HPO42− and SO42−) on graphene oxide (GO) stability were investigated to address the current limitations in the knowledge regarding the stability of GO in natural surface water and its underlying mechanism. The threshold values of cations that destabilize GO were obtained and affected by both pH and anions. By employing...
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