In this paper, a novel robust watermarking technique based on discrete cosine transform using genetic algorithm (GA) is presented. To obtain highest possible robustness without losing transparency, GA is used for adjustment of mid-band coefficients. Significant improvements in robustness under attacks and also in transparency are obtained from experimental results.
In this paper, a novel fragile watermarking scheme based on discrete cosine transform (DCT) using particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is presented. Embedding watermarks in frequency domain can usually be achieved by modifying the least significant bits (LSBs) of the transformation coefficients. After embedding process is completed, a number of rounding errors appear due to conversion of real...
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