In patients with cardiac syndrome X (CSX) who present with refractory angina episodes, spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has beneficial effects. The mechanisms of SCS, however, remain speculative. We assessed the effects of SCS on cardiac sympathetic function in these patients.We studied 11 CSX patients treated by SCS for refractory angina (mean age, 60 ± 9 years; 5 men and 6 women), both during SCS therapy...
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