Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) consider the Linkage Disequilibrium (LD) structure of a genome in order to use the genetic markers more efficiently. This property of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on a neighboring part of a genomic sequence describes the degree to which an allele of one SNP is correlated with an allele of another SNP in a population. Mathematically, LD describes the...
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