Ribosomal protein synthesis in eubacteria and eukaryotic organelles initiates with an N-formylmethionyl-tRNA i , resulting in N-terminal formylation of all nascent polypeptides. Peptide deformylase (PDF) catalyzes the subsequent removal of the N-terminal formyl group from the majority of bacterial proteins. Until recently, PDF has been thought as an enzyme unique to the bacterial kingdom....
Peptide deformylase catalyzes the removal of the N-terminal formyl group from nascent polypeptides during prokaryotic protein maturation and is essential for bacterial survival. Its absence from eukaryotic organisms makes it an attractive target for designing novel antibacterial agents. Peptidyl H-phosphonates were synthesized and shown to be competitive inhibitors of the deformylase.
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