The author presents the philosophy of Stanisław Lem as Neo-Lucretianism and calls Lem a Lucretius of the 20th century. The paper demonstrates two parallel strains in their thought comprising their views on life and religion. The ascetic hedonism of Lem and Lucretius is found in their renunciation of joys in their personal lives, in the interest in intellectual work, and in the tendency to leave some...
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